Area: 754 square
miles; population: 1,277 (in 1990); county seat: Junction; origin of
county name: after Paiute Indians; principal cities/towns: Circleville (417), Marysvale (364), Junction (132); economy: agriculture (primarily
beef and dairy cattle), education; points of interest: Big Rock Candy
Mountain, Tushar Mountains, Otter Creek, and Piute Reservoir, Piute
was split off from Beaver County in 1865. Its western boundary approximates
the crest of the Tushar Mountains. Delano Peak (12,173 feet) is the
high point of the High Plateaus section of the Colorado Plateau. Most
of the county's population is concentrated in the Sevier River Valley.
Grass Valley (Otter Creek) lies between the Sevier Plateau in the center
of the county and the Parker Range on its eastern border.
Evidence of prehistoric
inhabitants has been found in the caves of Kingston Canyon (now an attractive
local recreation area), but in general little is known of the Paiute
Indians' predecessors. The
Paiutes were mainly peaceful gatherers and hunters of food who produced
beautiful baskets for many uses and rabbitskin clothing for winter protection.