when Mormon herder Hector C. Haight wintered cattle in its grassy lowlands
in 1847-48. Five other families soon joined him to found a community
at the foot of the Wasatch Mountains near a stream they named North
Cottonwood. On the narrow benchlands overlooking the Great Salt Lake,
settlers laid out a formal town to serve the area's four hundred people,
built a log school and several mills, and in 1854-55 partially surrounded
the town with a mud wall. After the Utah War, settlers spread out along
the road to the north and south and created a "string town" differing
in shape from most planned Mormon villages.For most of its
first century, Farmington lived up to its name as an agricultural community.
Its farmers specialized in raising alfalfa, grain, and livestock, including
dairy herds. Millers, blacksmiths, and other craftsmen sustained the
rural lifestyle. In the early twentieth century, orchardists grew cherries,
peaches, apricots, and apples. Sugar beets processed in Layton became
a popular cash crop for a time.